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Archive for September, 2011

Battery and Battery Charging

Batteries and Battery Charging

A battery is a container consisting of one or more cell carrying an electric charge and used as a source of power.  Batteries produce hydrogen and sulfur gas mixtures which are highly flammable or even explosive.

General Requirements

Batteries of the unsealed type shall be located in enclosures with outside vents or in well ventilated rooms and shall be arranged so as to prevent the escape of fumes, gases, or electrolyte spray into other areas.

  • Ventilation shall be provided to ensure diffusion of the gases from the battery and to prevent the accumulation of an explosive mixture.
  • Racks and trays shall b e substantial and shall be treated to make them resistant to the electrolyte.
  • Floors shall be of acid resistant construction unless protected from acid accumulations.
  • Face shields, apron and rubber gloves shall be provided for workers handling acids or batteries.
  • Facilities for quick drenching of the eyes and body shall be provided within 25 feet of battery handling areas.
  • Facilities shall be provided for flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte and for fire protection.

Charging

  • Battery charging installations shall be located in areas designated for that purpose.
  • Charging apparatus shall be protected from damage by trucks.
  • When batteries are being charged, the vent caps shall be kept in place to avoid electrolyte spray.  Vent caps shall be maintained in functioning condition.
  • Batteries shall only be charged in well ventilated areas free of flames, sparks or lighted tobacco.

Holiday Weekend Safety Tips

From the website of the National Safety Council:

Itasca, IL – The National Safety Council today released traffic fatality estimates for the upcoming Labor Day weekend. The Council estimates 400 traffic fatalities will occur over the holiday weekend and another 38,800 medically consulted injuries will be sustained from motor vehicle collisions. For the past six years, the Labor Day weekend has averaged 14.6 percent more traffic fatalities than similar non-holiday periods.

The Council also estimates 142 people may survive the holiday weekend because they will have worn safety belts, while another 102 lives would have been saved if all had worn safety belts. Because Labor Day weekend is one of the busiest and deadliest times on U.S. roadways, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will enforce a National Impaired Driving Crackdown from Aug. 19 to Sept. 5. During this time, law enforcement officials will focus their attention on impaired drivers.

The Council suggests the following guidelines for a safe and fun holiday weekend:

  • If you are drinking, do not drive
  • If you plan to drink, designate a non-drinking driver or plan for alternative transportation, such as a taxi
  • Support the strengthening and vigorous enforcement of impaired-driving laws
  • Young drivers are at particular risk to be involved in alcohol-related crashes (If there is a young driver in your family, strictly enforce a zero tolerance policy with alcohol – all states have a minimum drinking age of 21)
  • Your best defense against a drunk driver is wearing your safety belt, so buckle up

There are a number of other dangers to Labor Day weekend drivers besides impaired driving. Follow these additional tips to stay safe:

  • Establish and enforce a driver’s distraction-free zone, especially in cars equipped with electronic devices including cell phones, video games and global positioning systems
  • Make sure all passengers are buckled up and children are in age-appropriate safety seats
  • Allow plenty of travel time to avoid frustration and diminish the impulse to speed
  • Drive defensively and exercise caution, especially during inclement weather

The National Safety Council (nsc.org) saves lives by preventing injuries and deaths at work, in homes and communities, and on the roads through leadership, research, education and advocacy.

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